|Research Landscape - R&D funding|
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Poland belongs to the group of the EU Member States with the lowest level of investment in research and technology development. The expenditure on R&D amounted to 0.61% of GDP in 2008. The structure of research funding in Poland (focused on financing basic research from budget funds) requires qualitative changes, including increased spending of the economic sector on applied research, as well as development and implementation activities. In Poland GERD amounts only to 33.1% (0.18% of GDP) and is one of the lowest percentage in the European Union where the average R+D spending is 54.1%.
However, the situation is slowly improving following Poland’s accession to the European Union. The structural funds received for conducting modern research and development of scientific infrastructure as well as for the modernization of the higher education sector amount to about EUR 4.1 billion for the years 2007-2013. Additional support for innovation research through closer cooperation with the industry is provided by the Polish Agency for Enterprise Development (PARP). Thanks to the available resources, the total budget for research activities reached about 0.9% of Poland’s GDP in 2010.
The recent transformation of Poland’s financial mechanism from – statutory funds towards an increase in the number of open calls – will influence the modernization process of the Polish scientific research. It is assumed that by 2020 about 50% of the available funds will have been acquired through open competitions.
In Poland there is a limited access to financial sources other than the state budget. Among non-governmental organisations, the following two should be mentioned:
Foundation for Polish Science (FNP) established in 1991 as an independent, self-financing, non-profit, non-governmental organization. The Foundation provides support to individual researchers and research teams and finances investment projects which foster Polish science development. FNP also undertakes activities facilitating the transfer of research results to industry. Among others, it awards grants, scholarships and prizes, including the FNP Award which is considered the most prestigious research award in Poland. In recent years, the Foundation has also been significantly involved in supporting international research co-operation, and in activities facilitating exchange of ideas between scholars and helping young scientists to become more independent in their research work. More...
Polpharma Scientific Foundation was established in 2001 by a private company Polpharma SA which is currently the largest Polish manufacturer of generic drugs and pharmaceutical substances. In accordance with the founders’ intention, the Foundation supports pharmaceutical and medical science development by financing and initiating scientific research and practical solutions, providing scholarships and awards and promoting knowledge among representatives of scientific, social and business environments. From the beginning, NFP has been organising an annual competition for the Polish research society with an aim of financing original ideas which contribute to the development of medicine and pharmacy. More...
|Last Updated on Wednesday, 28 November 2012 14:26|