Entry conditions of European citizens
European Union countries, Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Switzerland
In order to cross the Polish border, citizens of the European countries need a valid identification card (ID) or passport. They can stay in Poland for the first three months only on the basis of the id card or passport. Those who plan to stay longer than 3 months are obliged to register their stay in the Voivodeship Office (Urząd Wojewódzki) of the region (voivodship) where they intend to reside at latest on the next day following the 3 months.
The registration procedure is easy and free-of-charge. You need to submit the following documents:
- an application form,
- ID or passport,
- in case of employment - employment contract,
- in case of higher education, including PhD education: a confirmation from the higher education institution, health insurance confirmation, and proof of having sufficient financial resources for the stay (also for acompanying family members) by presenting a bank statement or a credit card. The minimum monthly amounts are PLN 701 for persons coming alone, or PLN 528 for each family member.
The document confirming the registration is a written statement valid for an indefinite period.
Registration of stay for the family members who are also European citizens is the same.
Family members who are non-European citizens can also stay in Poland for the first 3 months on the basis of their travel document (passport) but if they want to stay longer, they have to apply for a residence permit (a plastic card) at latest on the next day following the 3 months.
The procedure applies only to the following family members: spouses of the European citizens, their or their spouse's children of up to 21 years of age being financially dependent, and their or spouse's parents being financially dependent.
The residence permit is also issued by the Voivodeship Office competent for the place of residence and the procedure is also free-of-charge.
The following documents are required:
- an application form,
- the registration confirmation of the family member - EU citizen who provides for the family,
- travel document (passport),
- 5 photographs
- docucments confirming family ties: marriage certificates, children's birth certificates and other documents confirming that they are financially dependent.
As all the documents have to be submitted in Polish, documents issued in foreign languages have to be translated by a certified translator of the Polish language.
The residence permit for the family members is issued within 6 months.
Obligatory registration in a municipal/district office
It is a separate procedure called in Polish meldunek that is obligatory not only for foreigners but also for Polish nationals.
If you are planning to stay in Poland more than 3 months, you need to register in a relevant municipal office of a city/town or in a city disctrict office where you are residing at latest on 30th day after arrival in this district/town/city. If you move to another place, you have to register again.
In order to register you need to submit:
- a registration form (signed also by the apartment owner or an authorised person from the hotel/dormitory).
- an apartment rent agreement or hotel/dormitory reservation document,
- your passport or ID card,
- for family members additionally a document confirming family ties (in Polish, translated by a certified translator)
The procedure is free-of-charge, however, a written confirmation costs PLN 17. The registration is valid for the same period as your apartment rental agreement.
At registration, you will be automatically issued a PESEL number (personal identyfication number), if you don't have it yet. The number starts with your date of birth and serves for common identification purposes. It is required for example to settle down your annual tax declaration. Also, thanks to the number it is sometimes easier for instance to use medical services or borrow a book from a library.