Since this website includes information specifically related to scientific research activity in Poland, first it is worth listing the cases when the work permit is not required as in case of researchers. This is thanks to European regulations which have been designed to make the procedures easier for foreign scientists coming to Europe.
Work permit is not required for foreigners who:
- are employed at scientific/research positions at the Polish public research institutions. Foreigners who come to Poland in order to perform research in public research institutions (universities, also including non-public universities, research institutes and institutes of the Polish Academy of Sciences) do not need a work permit if they are employed at scientific positions (e.g. assistant, adjunct, professor).
- are students or doctoral students in Poland,
- have graduated from Polish universities (regardless of mode of study: full-time/part-time),
- run a training course, participate in professional training, fulfil an advisory or supervisory function or other function requiring special qualifications and skills within European Union programmes or other international aid programmes, also based on loans taken by the government of Poland,
- conduct occasional lectures or presentations of a particular scientific or artistic value (up to 30 days in a calendar year),
- are family members of European (EU and EEA) citizens,
- have permanent residence permit in Poland,
- have residence permit as a European Union long-term residents in Poland,
- have temporary residence permit in order to join family,
- are citizens of Armenia, Belarus, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine and Georgia: citizens of these countries can work in Poland without the work permit up to 6 months within subsequent 12 months. In order to employ a foreigner, the Polish employer has to register in a labour office (urząd pracy) a special declaration of intending to hire him. Additionally, the employer is obliged to obtain a confirmation from the head of district (starosta) that there were no candidates for the position occupied by the foreigner on a local job market. Information for Polish employers is available in Polish here.
In other than the above-mentioned cases, including research employees working at private institutions (companies, SMEs, etc.) in Poland, the work permit is required.
- Type A – issued for foreigners who work in Poland for an employer whose headquarters, place of residence or a department, plant or a different form of activity is located on the territory of Poland,
- Type B – applies to foreigners who stay on the territory of Poland for a period exceeding 6 months within a period of 12 months, in order to perform the function of a board member in an entity that has been given legal personality entered in the register of entrepreneurs or which is a share-holding company,
- Type C – concerns foreigners who perform work for a foreign employer and are delegated to Poland for a period not exceeding 30 days in a calendar year to a branch, plant or an affiliated entity,
- Type D – issued for a foreigner who performs work for a foreign employer who does not have a branch, plant or a different form of a business activity in Poland; the employee is delegated to Poland to execute export services (temporary and of casual nature),
- Type E – applies to those who work for a foreign employer and are delegated to Poland for a period not exceeding 30 days within 6 subsequent months for other purposes than the above-mentioned.
A foreigner has the right to perform only this work that is indicated in the permit. In order to change job a new work permit is required. However, in cases when the same employer assigns you a different type of work, the permit remains valid.
You will need a work permit before applying for an employment visa to Poland. It is your future employer in Poland who has to obtain the work permit for you. After receiving it, she/he has to send it to you so that you can submit it along with the visa application in an appropriate consular unit in your home country.
Work permits are issued by a relevant office (Voivodeship Office) located in the region you reside.
Having received the work permit and the employment visa, you can enter Poland and work legally.