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Living in EuropeAccess to the culture of the host country/language coursesPoland

Welcome to Poland

  • Name: Poland, officially the Republic of Poland
  • Location: Central Europe
  • Capital: Warsaw
  • Official language: Polish
  • Flag: composed of two halves: white colour symbolizes peace and red means blood (lost in the fight for independence)
  • Currency: złoty (PLN)
  • Time: GMT + 2 (summer time), GMT + 1 (winter time: between the last Sunday in October and the last Saturday in March)
  • Area: 312,696 sq km
  • Climate: moderate climate, between marine and continental one
  • Official website:

Polish Nobel Prize winner

POLAND - the country where Maria Skłodowska-Curie was born in 1867. After completing primary education she supplemented her knowledge of physics and chemistry and learnt chemical analysis at the laboratory of the Museum of Industry and Agriculture in Warsaw. This enabled her to isolate radium and polonium. At the age of 24, she left Warsaw to study in Paris, at a time when Polish universities were closed to women.

Polish history at a glance

POLAND - a pioneer of European constitutionalism. In 1781, the "Constitution of 3 May" was adopted, the first on the Old Continent and the second in the world after the US Constitution. Today, the basic principles are laid down in the Constitution of 2 April 1997. It guarantees all citizens the respect and protection of political rights and civil liberties.

Fall of communism began here

POLAND - a full and independent partner in the international community since 1989, following political changes that began in 1980 with "Solidarity" - a broad anti-authoritarian social movement to advance the cause of workers' rights and social change. It joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004, and is a committed member of the UN, OECD and WTO.

Customs and lifestyle

POLAND - the fifth most populous member state of the European Union, with a population of 37.698 million in 2023. Poles are very hospitable and open to new acquaintances, as the traditional saying goes: "Whatever we have, you're welcome".

Don’t miss out

POLAND - is characterised by its varied landscape, including the highest peak in the Tatra Mountains (Rysy, 2499m) and the unique Mazury Land of a Thousand Lakes. From beach lovers and hikers to city break enthusiasts, Poland has something for everyone.

Get to know Polish art and culture

POLAND - a vibrant creative scene, from music to architecture, painting, film and folk art that anyone can enjoy, even outside Poland. Let's start with Leonardo da Vinci's "Lady with an Ermine" - the undisputed crown jewel of Poland's art collection.