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Pregnancy & Family


Obstetrics, Medical University of Bialystok

Healthcare for pregnant women

If you are insured within the public healthcare system in Poland (National Health Fund - NFZ) all the the medical services provided by the public hospitals and clinics are free-of-charge. Therefore, having found out that you are expecting a baby, you should register at a chosen hospital or clinic to remain under medical control from the earliest weeks of the pregnancy.


The medical services include regular check-ups carried out by a gynaecologist (usually once a month), blood tests, USG scans, etc., whatever is prescribed by your doctor, the labour and post-labour care including. The post-labour care means the necessary 2-3-day stay at the hospital, several check-ups of the new-born baby as well as home visits of a midwife to which women are entitled within 8 weeks after the labour (having registered the baby at a chosen medical centre).

Therefore, after the baby is born (or even earlier) it is recommended to register the newborn at a chosen medical facility in order to receive further healthcare services, including all the vaccines that are obligatory in line with the Polish healthcare system.

More about vaccination in Poland in Health insurance and care

If - for some reason - you prefer to use private healthcare clinics, you will have to pay for all the medical services, including the labour and post-labour care.

Students of Nursing and Obstetrics, author: Medical University of Bialystok (UMB)

Parents who have sickness insurance in Poland (resulting from employment or obtained individually)are entitled to paidmaternity and parental leaves.

More about sickness insurance in Social security section

Possible total durationof paid leave for mothers is 52 weeks in case of one child birth. If the pregnancy is plural, the leave is prolonged.

Formally, the leave period is divided into:

  • a) maternity leaveof 20 weeks in case of giving birth to one child, or 31 weeks in case of twins, 33 weeks in case of triplets and so on.

You can use 6 weeks of the paid maternity leave already before the labour, however, a common practice is to go on sick leave if it is prescribed by your doctor due to inability to work.

  • b)parental leave of 32 weeks in case of one child or 34 weeks in case of more children being born at one labour. The parental leave can be used either by one parent entirelly, by both parents taking turns or by both parents at the same time, for example 16 weeks each.

The monthly allowance amount is paid as a percentage of your average basic (without bonuses) monthly salary from the last 12 months in the rate of:

  • 80% of the salary if the monther decides to take the whole 52-week leave; the request has to be submitted to the employer no later than 21 days after the labour; or
  • 100% of the basic salary for the maternity leave period and 60% for the parental leave.


Following the maternity and parental leaves, it is also possible to take an additional unpaid post-leave which is an option for a parent who want to spend time with their children for a longer period. Its maximum length is up to 3 years and it has to be used until the child is 6 years old.



  • Nursing breaks - in line with the Polish law women have the right to breastfeeding time within two 30-minute breaks per  an 8-hour working day. They are counted as regular paid hours. Breastfeeding of more than one child allows for two 45-minute breaks. However, mothers who work less than 4 hours a day are not entitled to the breaks. Those who are at work from 4 to 6 hours a day, have the right to a single break.
  • Occasional childcare leave - working parents of children aged up to 14 years have the right to 2 paid days off work (or 16 hours - depending on employer's rules) for family reasons during a calendar year.


See also:

Health insurance and care andChildcare and education