Pregnancy & Family
Within 21 days after the birth, you have to register the newborn at the Registry Office (USC) and settle down the legal status of your baby. The following cases are possible:
- one of the baby’s parents is a Pole – the newborn is automatically given the Polish citizenship; remember to write down the parent’s details in the birth certificate; in this case the baby does not need a permit to stay on the territory of Poland. If the parents want their child to have the non-Polish citizenship of the other parent, they have to file a citizenship selection declaration at the right Voivodship Office within 3 months from the date of the birth. In such a case the baby needs to the permit to stay in Poland;
- one of the baby’s parents has a Pole's Card or other document confirming their Polish origin – in such a case the newborn may be granted the same legal status (including permanent residence permit),
- neither of the baby’s parents is a Pole but one of them has a permanent residence permit on the territory of Poland – the newborn should be granted the same type of permit if only he/she was born during the permit's validity period. Otherwise they can apply for the temporary residence permit on the basis of family relations.
- one of the baby’s parents has a visa or a temporary residence permit – the baby can be granted the same type of permit, if he/she was born while the visa or permit was valid. The parent has to apply for the permit for the baby in a relevant Voivodship Office as soon as possible after the baby receives his/her passport.
The duration of the maternity leave concerning the birth of one child amounts to 20 weeks. Afterwards, there is a possibility to take additional maternity leave for another 6 weeks. You can also make use of 26 weeks of paid parental leave. So in total, the length of the paid leave period related to the birth of one child amounts to 52 weeks. If the pregnancy is plural, the leave is lengthened.
Maternity and parental leave may be divided between the parents after the first 14 weeks which belong only to the mother and it cannot be changed.
Additional 2-week paternity leave may be taken by fathers who work on the basis of the employment contract or the fee-for-task agreement (umowa zlecenie) as well as if they run their own business as long as they pay the sickness insurance contribution. The leave can be used within 2 years after the birth.
The above-mentioned leaves are paid. You can choose between two possibilities:
- 100% of the remuneration for the period of the first 26 weeks of the leave and 60% for the next 26 weeks (parental leave),
- 80% of the pay for the period of 52 weeks.
According to the law the employee cannot be made redundant from the day of applying for a childcare leave till the last day of the leave.
It is also possible to take an unpaid post-maternity leave which is an option for women who want to spend time with their children for a longer period. Its maximum length is up to 3 years and it has to be used until the child is 6 years old.
PARENT'S RIGHTS AT WORK
- Nursing breaks - in line with the Polish law women have the right to breastfeeding time within two 30-minute breaks per an 8-hour working day. They are counted as regular paid hours. Breastfeeding of more than one child allows for two 45-minute breaks. However, mothers who work less than 4 hours a day are not entitled to the breaks. Those who are at work from 4 to 6 hours a
day,have the right to a single break.
- Occasional childcare leave - working parents of children aged up to 14 years have the right to 2 paid days off work (or 16 hours - depending on employer's rules) for family reasons during a calendar year.
Family benefits can be received by foreigners living in Poland who:
- are the European Union and European Economic Area citizens,
- stay on the territory of Poland on the basis of a permanent residence permit, long-term EU-resident permit, or temporary residence permit granting access to the labour market, excluding: third-country nationals who received the permit for work in an EU member state for a period not exceeding 6 months, as well as those who arrived in Poland in order to undertake studies or those who stay in Poland on the basis of a visa,
- are covered by special country bilateral agreements concerning social security (Read more in the Social security section).
Family benefits are granted to foreigners who stay on the territory of Poland during the period of receiving the
The benefits include the following main allowances:
one-time allowanceof PLN 1000 for the childbirth (pl becikowe) - it is paid to the mother (or a legal guardian) provided that the family income does not exceed PLN 1922 net per person monthly. Another condition is that the mother was under medical care at latest from the 10th week of the pregnancy till the labour day and has a relevant confirmation from her doctor. Becikowe can be claimed within 12 months after the birth of the child.
- PLN 500 per month ("Family 500+ programme") - a monthly allowance for children that is granted to a parent for each child under 18 years of age, regardless of the family's income.
- one-time payment of PLN 300 to support parents whose children start the school year (the "Good Start" programme). This is paid once a year to families regardless of their incomes for each child up to 20 years of age.
In order to receive these allowances you have to submit application forms to the municipality (city/district) office. The 500+ and "Good Start" allowances can also be applied for via digital services of many banks in Poland.
Other family programmes include a "Big Family Card" issued by municipalities (district/city) to parents of at least 3 children who can benefit from discounts e.g. when doing shopping, attending sport centres or using entertainment or cultural facilities.
Some cities in Poland also offer monthly allowances for parents of the youngest children (up to 3 years of age) attending non-public care centres. You should ask at your district/city office about any such benefits.
Tax return for parents
This is a possibility to receive some tax back to your wallet. In principle, it can be requested by one of the parents (or foster parents, legal guardians) who raise children up to 18. The tax return can also be obtained for children between 18 and 25 years of age provided that they live with the parents, continue their education and do not earn more than PLN 3089 per annum.
The annual amounts of the tax return depend on the number of children and are as follows:
- 1112,04 PLN in case of 1 child on condition that an annual family income does not exceed PLN 112,000 (after deducting social security contribution) or 56,000 if the parents are not married;
- 1112,04 PLN for each child when raising 2 children, regardless of family income;
- 2000,04 PLN for 3rd child, regardless of family income;
- 2700 PLN for 4th child and more, regardless of family income.
The amounts may change each year.
In order to receive the tax return you should fill in some basic information when submitting your annual Personal Income Tax declaration (PIT).