Daily life

Living in Europe | Access to the culture of the host country/language courses, Banking | Poland

Wrocław University of Science and Technology

Life in Poland is a cultural composition of traits belonging to both Eastern and Western European countries. For some differences of lifestyle and culture may be astonishing, especially for citizens of countries located in distant parts of the world, while for others they may be slightly visible. That is why it is essential to familiarize yourself with basic information about daily life in Poland.

Below you will find information which can help you to settle down.


Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Bialystok University of Technology

Thanks to its central location, Poland can be reached by plane, train, bus or ferry. A flight to Warsaw takes only 2 hours, for example, from London, Paris, Brussels, Berlin, Vienna or Prague. Poland has 10 international airports in: Bydgoszcz, Gdańsk, Katowice, Kraków, Łódz, Poznań, Rzeszów, Szczecin, Warszawa and Wrocław. Note: some of the airports operate only a limited number of destinations. The country offers a wide choice of direct flights to many European cities and has good connections with all continents.

Train (pociąg)

Rail services in Poland are provided by a number of public and private operators. Yet, the dominant carrier is the Polish State Railways (Polskie Koleje Państwowe, PKP) which brings together several companies providing domestic and international transport services. The fastest and most comfortable travel is offered by the PKP Intercity company. The Polish railway industry has been modernizing its infrastructure in order to constantly improve travel duration, conditions and comfort of passengers.

Today, you can choose from ca 100 trains running daily between popular tourist centres, the biggest cities in Poland (Intercity and Express trains) and beyond its borders. Poland has railway connections with many European cities including Prague, Vienna, Bratislava, Berlin, Budapest, Moscow and Minsk.

Train tickets (bilety)

May be purchased online, from ticket offices at all railway stations, in some travel agencies, as well as from ticket machines at some railway stations. You can also buy a ticket from the train conductor, paying in cash or – in all PKP Intercity trains – with a charge card; in this case, the price includes a small extra charge. Children of up to 4 years of age (of any nationality) travel by train in Poland for free. School and university students in Poland of up to 26 years of age as well as PhD students of up to 35 years are entitled to a 51% reduction off the full fare, provided that they hold a valid pupil or student identity card issued in Poland (to be shown at the train conductor’s request). Cheaper family tickets are another available and frequently chosen option, particularly attractive during the summer holiday season.

Bus (autobus)

In Poland public transport services are provided by a number of companies. They provide long-distance cross-country journeys as well as suburban and local services. Tickets may be purchased at bus stations or directly from bus drivers before the journey. Timetables and ticket prices are available at PKS companies websites of each region/city or at private company’s websites.


Lodz Solar Team, Lodz University of Technology, author: Jacek Szabela

Public urban transport

Public urban transport in Poland is well developed: you will find urban and suburban buses in all cities and towns, trams in larger cities, though the metro exists only in Warsaw. Daytime buses and trams run more-or-less between 5 a.m. and 11 p.m. Only in the biggest cities you can find night buses. The choice of night routes is much more limited as well as the frequency of services.

Timetables are displayed at each bus stop and may also be found at websites of each public urban transport provider. All means of public transport in a given city or town use the same type of tickets which can be purchased from news-stands, ticket machines or in some shops and post-offices. All cities and towns have full-fare tickets (biletnormalny) and reduced-fare tickets (biletulgowy), the latter for persons entitled to discounts (e.g. Polish pupils and university students up to 26 years old, PhD students and pensioners).


Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, author: Tomasz Lewandowski

Foreign school and university students are also entitled to discounts: on the basis of a valid Polish pupil/student identity card - if they are enrolled at Polish schools, and - if they are enrolled at schools in their home countries – on the basis of a valid international document - International Student Identity Card (ISIC) or the EURO26 Student card for school and university students. Public transport is free for children of up to 4 years of age and persons who are at least 70 years old. Sometimes an additional charge is paid for the transport of luggage or animals.



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